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皮膚科藥妝品與植物的關係


皮膚科  王修含 醫師


許多皮膚科使用的藥妝品添加物皆含有植物成分,這些植物的功能可區分為三大類,即抗氧化劑、抗發炎劑和潤膚劑。 詳細內容,可參照「皮膚藥妝保養品常見的植物成分
http://tw.myblog.yahoo.com/skindr-wang/article?mid=2452


於英文文獻中記載的這類植物種類繁多,有些亦為中藥成分,上文無法一一羅列,中藥之中英對照,可參考下列「中藥英語(I) 」、「中藥英語(II)」。亦可參考「中藥化學成分中英文對照」、「中草藥成分英漢對照辭彙」。

資料來源:http://hi.baidu.com/aufe/blog/item/8ba1e0dd7bbf74e877c6382e.html

中藥英語(I)

中文正名     英文名 入藥部位
烏藥     Combined Spicebush Root
朱砂蓮     Tuberous Dutchmanspipe Root Tuber 塊根
匙羹藤     Australian Cowplant Root or Herb 根或全株
蛇根木     Java Devilpepper Root
化食藤     Yunnan Gymnema Root
雪膽     Chinese Hemsleya Tuber 塊莖
金龜蓮     Lovely-flower Hemsleya Tuber 塊莖
土木香     Elecampane Inula Root
延胡索     Yanhusuo Tuber 塊莖
雪上一枝蒿     Shortstalk Monkshood Root 塊根
蜀葵根     Hollyhock Root
五指參     Arrowleaf Abelmoschus Root
虎杖根     Giant Knotweed Root
金蕎麥     Wild Buckwheat Rhizome 根莖
羊蹄     Japanese Dock Root
觀音座蓮     Fokin Angiopteris Rhizome 根莖及葉柄殘基
活血蓮     Penang Pronephrium Rhizome 根莖
貫眾     Male Fern Rhizome 根莖及葉柄殘基
黑虎七     Common Coniogramme Rhizome 根莖
散血蓮     Japanese Coniogramme Rhizome or Herb 根莖或全草
狗脊     East Asian Tree Fem, Scythian Lamb Rhizome 根莖
入地蜈蚣     Ceylan Helminthostachys Rhizome 根莖
水龍骨     Japanese Polypodiodis Rhizome, Japanese Polypody Rhizome 根莖
骨碎補     Fortune's Drynaria Rhizome 根莖
麻黃根     Chinese Ephedra Root 根和根莖
山荸薺     Sumatr Sawgrass Corm 球莖
香附     Nutgrass Galingale Rhizome 根莖
荸薺     Waternut Corm 球莖
高粱七     Resembling Sorghum Rhizome 根莖
糯稻根     Stichy Rice Root
茅香     Vanillagrass Rhizome, Sweetgrass Rhizome 根莖
蘆根     Reed Rhizome 根莖
盤龍參     Chinese Spiranthes Root or Herb 根或全草
石仙桃     Chinese Pholidota Pseudobulb or Herb 假鱗莖或全草
龍舌箭     Henry Ladyslipper Root
扇子七     Japanese Ladyslipper Root or Herb 根或全草
腎經草     Ciliolate Habenaria Tuber 塊莖
手掌參     Shortspur Gymnadenia Tuber,Thickvein Gymnadenia Tuber 塊莖
手參     Conic Gymnadenia Tuber 塊莖
馬牙七     Fimbriate Calanthe Pseudobulb 假鱗莖及根
八仙草     Waterplantainleaf Calanthe Pseudobulb 假鱗莖
白芨     Common Bletilla Tuber, Hyacinth Bletilla Tuber 塊狀假鱗莖
天麻     Tall Gastrodia Rhizome 塊莖
馬藺根     Chinese Iris Root
紅蔥    Common Eleutherine Bulb 鱗莖
鳶尾     Root Iri Rhizome 根莖
射幹     Blackberrglily Rhizome 根莖
牛尾參     Subcalvuvs yam Rhizome 塊莖
白薯莨     Hispid yam Rhizom 根莖
綿萆解     Spingy Yam Rhizome 根莖
粉萆解     Hypoglaucous Yam Rhizome 根莖
滇白藥子     Kamoon Yam Root Tuber 塊根
五葉薯     Fiveleaf Yam Rhizome 塊莖
穿山龍     Chuanlong Yam Rhizome 根莖
山藥     Common Yam Rhizome 塊莖
粽粑葉根     Zongbayi Aspidistra Rhizome 根莖
九龍盤     Brownishpurple Aspidistra Rhizome 根莖
蜘蛛抱蛋     Coommon Aspidistra Rhizome 根莖
頭頂一顆珠     Tschonosk Trillium Rhizome 根莖及根
算盤七     Axilaryflower Twistedstalk Root
紫玉簪根     Blue Plantainlily Root
玉簪花根     Fragrant Plantainlily Root 根及根莖
鐵絲靈仙     Scaberusstem Greenbeier Root and Rizome 根及根莖
土萆解     Gaudichaud Heterosmilax Rhizome 根莖
牛尾菜     Riparian Greenbrier Rhizome and Root 根莖及根
菝葜     Chinaroot Greenbrier Rhizome 根莖
土茯苓     Glabrous Greenbrier Rhizome 根莖
萱草根     Orange Daylily Root
光慈姑      Edible Tulip Bulb 鱗莖
山慈姑     Appendiculate Cremastre Pseudobulb 假鱗莖
百合     Greenish Lily Bulb, Lily Bulb 鱗莖
萬年青     Omoto Nipponlily Rhizome 根莖及根
王孫     Bashan Paris Rhizome 根莖
七葉一枝花根     Manyleaf Paris Rhizome 根莖
藜蘆     Black Falsehellebore Root 根或帶根全草
胡蓮     Tibet Alplily Bulb 鱗莖
壽竹     Canton Fairybells Rhizome and Root 根莖及根
竹根七     Common False Firybells Rhizome 根莖
鹿藥     Japanese False Solomonseal Rhizome 根莖及根
滇鉤吻     Variegated Solomonseal Rhizome 根莖
羊角參     Whorledleaf Solomonseal Rhizome 根莖
黃精     Siberian Solomonseal Rhizome 根莖
玉竹     Fragrant Solomonseal Rhizome 根莖
龍須菜     Schoberia-like Asparagus Root
石刁柏     Common Asparagus Root
文竹     Setose Asparagus Root Tuber 塊根
天冬     Cohinchinese Asparagus Root Tuber 塊根
麥冬     Dwarf Lilyturf Root Tuber 塊根
知母     Common Anemarrhenae 根莖
開口箭     Chinensis Tupistrae Rhizoma 根莖
綿棗兒     Common squill-bullb 鱗莖
薤白     Longstamen Onion Bulb 鱗莖
蔥白     Fistular Onion Bulb 鱗莖
洋蔥頭     Common Onion Bulb, Gardon Onion Bulb 鱗莖
大蒜     Garlic Bulb 鱗莖
浙貝母     Chekiang Fritillary Bulb, Thunberg Fritillary Bulb 鱗莖
水田七     Common Schizocapsa Tuber 塊莖
蕉芋     Edible Canna Rlizome 根莖
薑三七     Involucrate Stahlianthus Tuber 塊莖
土良薑    Spiked Gingerlily Rhizome 根莖
山薑     Japanese Galangal Rhizome 根莖
大良薑     Galanga Galangal Rhizome 根莖
高良薑     Lesser Galangal Rhizome 根莖
莪術     Blue Turmeric Rhizome 根莖
郁金     Wenchow Turmeric Root Tuber 塊根
片薑黃     Wenchow Turmeric Longitudinal Section 根莖縱切厚片
薑黃     Common Turmeric Rhizome 根莖
山奈     Galanga Resurrectionlily Rhizome 根莖
幹薑     Dried Ginger 塊莖乾燥品
生薑     Fresh Ginger, Common Ginger 根莖鮮品
石蒜     Shorttube Lycoris Bulb 鱗莖
仙茅     Common Curculigo Rhizome 根莖
三棱     Common Burreed Tuber 塊莖
千年健     Obscured Homalomena Rhizome 根莖
九節銀蓮花根     Irkutsk Anemone Rhizome 根莖
水菖蒲     Drug Sweetflag Rhizome, Myrtle Flag Rhizome根莖
石菖蒲     Tatarinow Sweetflag Rhizome 根莖
     Dasheen Tuber 塊莖
犁頭尖     Blume Typhonium Tuber 塊莖
白附子     Giant Typhonium Tuber 塊莖
馬蹄蓮     Common Callalily Rhizome 塊莖
魔芋     Rivier Giant Arum Tuber 塊莖
雪裏見     Rhizomatic Arisaema 根莖
天南星     Pedate Pinellia Tuber 塊莖
水半夏     Whipformed Typhonium Tuber,Water Typhonium Tuber 塊莖
滴水珠     Cordate Pinellia Tuber 塊莖
半夏     Temate Pinellia 塊莖
大百部     Large Tuber Stemona Root 塊根
百部     Sessile Stemona Root Tuber 塊根
野慈姑     Wild Arrow-head bulb 球莖
慈姑     Chinese Arrow-head Bulb 球莖
澤瀉     Oriental Waterplantain Tuber 塊莖
棕樹根     Fortune Windmillpalm Root
青錢柳根     Roundwingfruit Cyclocarya Root
雷公橘根     Membranaceousleaf Caper Root
廣州山柑根     Canton Caper Root
貓兒矢根     Notable Decaisnea Root, Farges Decaisnea Root
西南野木瓜根     Cavalerie Stauntonia Root
雞爪七     Pinnatifid Horsegentian Root
蔓胡頹子根     Glabrous Elaeagnus Root
山梔茶     Anisetree-like Pittosporum Root or Seed 根或種子
山枝根     Glabrousleaf Pittosporum Root
對節茶     South China Eranthemum Root
白接骨     Chinese Asystusiella Rhizome or Herb, Nees Asystusiella Rhizome or Herb 根莖或全草
桃金娘根     Downy Rosemyrtle Root, Rose-myrtle Root
山竹子根     Manyflower Garcinia Root
橫經席     Membranaceus Beautyleaf Root
金絲桃根    Chinese St. John'swort Root 根或全草
月見草     Evening Primrose Root or Seed,German Rampion Root or Seed 根或種子
柳蘭     Great Wouowherb Rhizome 根莖
貓人參     Largeseed Actinicha Root
獼猴梨根     Bower Actinidia Root,Tara Vine Root
獼猴桃根     Yangtao Actinidia Root
陽桃根     Common Averrhoa Root
鍋鏟藤     Cupleaf Passionflower Root or Herb 根或全株
西番蓮根    Passionflower Root
霸王根     Common Sarcozygium Root
茶樹根     Tea Root
山茶根     Japanese Camellia Root
丁座草     Himalayan Boschniakia Tuber 塊莖
樹蘿蔔     Whiteflowr Agapetes Root Tuber 塊根
杜鵑花根     Indian Azalea Root
娃娃拳根     Bilobed Grewia Root
瓜馥木根     Oldham Fissistigma Root or Stem 根或藤
蘿蔔根老鸛草     Turnip-root Cranesbill 根或全草
淩霄根     Chinese Trumpectcreeper Root
辣根     Horseradish Root
地骷髏     Withered Radish Root 乾枯老根
蕪菁     Turnip 塊根
滇土瓜     Hungai Merremia Root Tuber 塊根
旋花根     Hedge Glorybind Rhizome 根莖
面根藤     Ivy Glorybind Rhizome 根莖
甜菜根     Common Beet Root
地稔     Twelve Stamen Melastoma Root or Herb 根或全株
野牡丹根     Common Melastoma Root
黃楊     Chinese Littleleaf Box Root or Leaf 根、葉
紅天葵     Fimbrdiate –stipulate Begonia Tuber or Herb 根莖或全草
紫茉莉根     Common Four-O'clock Root
烏泡根     Parker Raspberry Root
川莓根     Szechwan Raspberry Root
山莓根     Juteleaf Raspberry Root
刺梨根     Roxbungh Rosae Root
薔薇根     Cathaya Japanese Rose Root
金櫻根     Cherokee Rose Root
救軍糧     Entire Firethorn Root and Leaf 根、葉
紅地榆     Griffith Cinquefoil Root
柘根     Tricuspid Curania Root
穿破石     Cochinchina Cudrania Root
酸藤根     Joyful Embelia Root
走馬胎     Giganticleaf Ardisia Root
散血丹     Punctate Ardisia Root
百兩金     Crisped Ardisia Root
朱砂根     Coral Ardisia Root
矮地茶     Japanese Ardisia Root
二色補血草     Twocolor Sealavander Root or Herb 根或全草
補血草     Chinese Sealavender Root or Herb 根或全草
鑽石風     Szechwan Sabia Root
三葉青     Hemsley Rockvine Root Tuber 塊根
山葡萄     Amur Grape Root or Stem 根或藤
白蘞     Japanese Ampelopsis Root Tuber 塊根
蛇葡萄根     Chinese Ampelopsis Root 根或根皮
冷飯藤根     Oblongleaf Kadsura Root
黑老虎根     Scarlet Kadsura Root
紅木香     Longpeduncle Kadsura Root
地筍     Shiny Bugleweed Rhizome 根莖
蘇頭     Cutivated Purple Perilla Root 根頭
地蠶     Earthsilkwom Betony Tuber 塊莖
獨一味     Common Lamiophlomis Root and Rhizome 根及根莖
排草香     Common Anisochilus Root 根、莖
丹參     Dan-shen Root
黃芩     Baikal Skullcap Root
虎刺     Indian Damnacanthus Root
巴蕺天     Medicinal Morinda Root
茜草     Indian Madder Root
紅大蕺     Knoxia Root
水楊梅根     Thinleaf Adina Root
香樟根     Camphortree Root
山胡椒根     Greyblue Spicebush Root
豆豉薑     Mountain Spicy Tree Root
南木香     Yunnan Dutchmanspipe Root
青木香     Slender Dutchmanspipe Root
木防己     Orbicular Snailseed Root, Japanese Snailseed Root
防己     Fourstamen Stephania Root
一文錢根     Delavay Stephanai Root
地不容     Epigeal Stephania Root Tuber 塊根
秤鉤風     Similar Diploclisia Root 根及根莖
金果欖     Arrow-shaped Tinospora Root Tuber 塊根
三椏苦根     Thin Evodia Root
兩面針根     Shinyleaf Pricklyash Root
苧麻根     Ramie Root
商陸      Indian Pokwees Root ,Indian Pokeberry Root
南板藍根     Common Baphicacanthus Rhizome and Root 根莖及根
板藍根     Indigowoad Root
四葉細辛     Manyspike Chloranthus Root or Herb 根或全草
藕節     Lotus Rhizome Node 根莖節部
     Lotus Rhizome 根莖
蘿芙木     Common Devilpepper Root
大白藥     Griffith Condorvine Root
百靈草     Longstalk Condorvine Root or Herb 根或全株
通關藤     Tenacious Condorvine Root or Herb 根、全株
古鉤藤     Buchanan Cryptolepis Root
蘿摩     Japanese Metaplexis Root or Herb 根或全草
烏骨藤     Forrest Silkvine Root or Herb, Prettyleaf SilkvineRootor Herb 根或全株
娃兒藤     Ovate Tylophora Root and Rhizome 根及根莖
徐長卿     Paniculate Swallowwort Root or Herb 根及根莖或全草
白薇     Blackend Swallowwort Root and Rhizome 根及根莖
白前     Willowleaf Swallowwort Rhizome and Root 根莖及根
了哥王     Indian Stringbush Root 根或根皮
芫花根     Lilac Daphne Root
川續斷 RadixAsper-like Teasel Root
甘松     Chinese Nardostachys Root and Rhizome 根及根莖
墓頭回     Scabrous Patrinia Root
豆豉草     Hardwock Valeriana Root or Herb 根或全草
蜘蛛香     Jatamana Valeriana Rhizome 根莖及根
纈草     Chinese Common Valeriana Rhi-zome 根莖及根
南瓜根     Cushaw Root
黃瓜根     Cucumber Root
天花粉     Snakegourd Root
土貝母     Paniculate Bolbostemma Bulb 鱗莖
羅鍋底     Large-seed Hemsleya Tuber 塊莖
白茄根     Garden Eggplant Root, White Eggplant Root
華山參     Funneled Physochlaina Root
三分三     Acutangular Anisodus Root
山莨菪     Tangut Anisodus Root
金鐵鎖     Tuniclike Psammosilene Root
顛茄根     Common Atropa Root
銀柴胡     Lanceolate Dichotomous Starwort Root
太子參     Different Leaves Pseudostellaria Root Tuber 塊根
鑽地風     Chinese Hydrangeavine Root
落新婦     Chinese Astilbe Rhizome or Herb 根莖或全草
岩白菜     Purple Bergenia Rhizome 根莖或全草
土常山     Chinese Hydrangea Root
常山     Antifebfrile Dichroa Root
血光藤     Lanceolateleaf Gardneria Root and Stem 根及莖
破骨風     Lanceolate Jasmine Root
菊芋     Jerusalem Artichoke Root Tuber 塊根
狗頭七     Tuberous Velvetplant Root Tuber 塊根
黃花漏蘆     Ruthenia Centaurea Root
山萵苣     Indian Pterocypsela Root or Herb 根或全草
八角香     Ainsliaefolius Parasenecio Tuber 塊莖
野苦麻     Ussuri Saussurea Root
兔兒傘     Aconiteleaf syneilesis Root or Herb 根或全草
雅蔥     Chinese Serpentroot
紫菀     Tatarian Aster Root and Rhizome 根及根莖
還陽參     Rigescent Hawksbeard Root

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